What is Ebola?
About Ebola Disease
A deadly viral disease recently in the news reported to affect people from different parts of the world is Ebola. It is scientifically addressed as Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola hemorrhagic fever is fatal than any viral fever. It has spread its roots wide across the world and taken control over many healthy lives. It is a disease of primates and humans caused by a virus known as Ebola virus.
The disease found its name as Ebola because the first case of infection occurred in a small village situated on the banks of Ebola River flowing in tropical regions of Saharan Africa.
Causes of Ebola
The disease in humans is caused by four out of five different types of viruses of Ebola virus. They are,
- Sudan virus (SUDV)
- simply referred Ebola virus
- Bundibugyo virus (BDBV)
- Taï Forest virus(TAFV)
- Reston virus (RESTV)
The Ebola virus was formerly known as species Zaire ebolavirus the most dangerous virus and responsible for highest disease causes. The fifth type of species known as Reston virus (RESTV) is not responsible for human Ebola.
All the species of viruses are close relatives of marburgviruses. Between humans the disease spreads through the transfer of body fluids such as mucus, blood, semen, saliva, feces, vomit, tears, breast milk, sweat and urine. It spreads through considerably large drop lets of body fluids however supposed occur when person is severely sick.
Symptoms of Ebola
Ebola disease symptoms start coming to notice anywhere between second day to twenty first day of virus exposure. Most often the symptoms appear between fourth to tenth days. Recent research on the disease has shown that only five percent of cases may take more than twenty one days.
- Signs of the disease are initially as common as any viral fever like weakness, fever, body ach, muscle pain, joint pains, decreases apatite, feeling tired and sore throat.
- These initial stages of disease symptoms are followed by diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, shortness of breath, decreased blood clotting, swelling, confusion and headache.
- In forty to fifty percent of cases bleeding from mucus membrane and coughing of blood has observed.
- Presence of mild blood in stool is also one among Ebola symptoms.
Treatment for Ebola
Treatment for this disease is rarely available that is equivalent to nil treatment.
- It is not among curable viral diseases.
- Still curing may start between seven to fourteen days.
- There are no medicines or vaccinations are available in the retail market.
- Prevention work is under progress because disease prevention is the main solution to avoid spreading up of Ebola.
- The infected person is isolated from the healthy people and all infected body fluids are destroyed for controlling further infection or spreading up of infection to other people.
People working in laboratory should use protective clothing like gloves, gowns, goggles and masks as they are in direct contact with infected fluids of Ebola patient.
Tests & Diagnosis for Ebola
Ebola suspected person’s travel and work history or exposure to wild life should be known for better understanding of problem. The virus can be put for non specific laboratory testing, specific laboratory testing or differential diagnosis.
Laboratory testing of blood sample of Ebola virus affected person will show initial low count of white blood cells followed by exceeded white blood cells count and low platelet count.